Liberty Bridge – Budapest Bridges
Liberty Bridge is spanning over the river Danube to connect the flat Pest side with the hilly Buda side of Budapest. With its approx. 336 metre length, it is the shortest Budapest bridge.
Attractions by Liberty Bridge
There are two outstanding attractions by Liberty Bridge: on the Pest side, you can take a look around in the Central Market Hall of Budapest on Fovam sqaure, and start walking down on Vaci utca shopping street towards Vorosmarty square, while on the Buda side, you can visit Gellert Baths (on Gellert square), famous for its thermal spa baths and its Art Nouveau architectural beauty, and the Cave Church literally built into the cave system of the Gellert Hill.
Transport on Liberty Bridge
Two trams (tram number 47 and 49) run on Liberty Bridge very frequently (about every 5 min by day), both leaving from the heart of the city, Deak square (Deák tér), so it is quite easy to get to the big green historical bridge.
History of Liberty Bridge
Liberty Bridge was built between 1894 and 1896 (by Janos Feketehazy, the engineer of the Hungarian railroad system), and originally named after the Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph, who personally opened the bridge by hammering the last silver rivet on the Pest abutment.
The bridge was part of the huge millennial architectural design whose aim was to make Budapest a thriving city by 1896 when the Hungarian state would celebrate its 1000th birthday (amazingly enough, most of the exceptional Budapest attractions were created in these years).
Of course, just like the rest of the Budapest bridges, Liberty Bridge was blown up by the Nazi troops in World War II – on 16 January 1945 – an re-opened as a ‘Soviet Hungarian’ Liberty Bridge in 1946 (at that time people believed that the Soviets would leave Hungary soon – and definitely not stay for many decades – so ‘liberty’ meant liberty from the Nazi dictatorship with the help of the Soviets).
Here is a panoramic photo of Liberty Bridge from the Gellert Hill, Budapest (click to enlarge):